The CRISIS WAVE model includes the following stages:
TRIGGERING STAGE (Winding up): Subject shows initial signs of being upset.
ESCALATION STAGE (Agitation): Subject begins losing control but is not out of control. An example is Verbal Abuse: they have lost verbal control but are not physically violent.
CRISIS STAGE (Explosion): Subject has lost control and has become physically violent.
RECOVERY STAGE (Letting Go Process): Subject is in the process of regaining control over him/herself
To teach staff physical restraint techniques that can be applied safely, quickly, and effectively to eliminate or minimize possible injury to students or staff, and damage to property.
At the end of this instruction, the participant will be able to complete the following objectives using the information provided.
1. List six situations where physical restraint is authorized.
2. Demonstrate two restraint techniques that comply with facility policies and State of Virginia Child Abuse Statues.
3. Demonstrates two defensive tactics that comply with facility policies and
State of Virginia child abuse statues.
4. Briefly describe when physical restraint should be used to control youth.
5. List and briefly describe the four components of the Crisis Wave.
LENGTH OF INSTRUCTION:
Minimum of Four Hours
These techniques are most effective when applied with confidence and total self-control. To maintain a high skill level that gives one confidence will require some practice with other staff members after the initial 4 to 16-hour block if instruction. It is strongly suggested that participants arrange to practice at least one hour each week. This practice must not be done in view of students and should be done with someone equally familiar with the techniques.
Effectiveness is enhanced by being in good physical condition. The students we work with usually have the energy and endurance associated with youth as well as a quick temper that provides motivation from anger or frustration. Staff members, through even a modest conditioning program, can enhance their skills in these techniques by being in better physical condition.